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Materials Purchased by Federal Metal and Alloys
|#1 Copper Wire
|Insulated Copper Wire
The most commonly recycled non-ferrous metals at Federal Metals and Alloys are aluminium, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, titanium, cobalt, chromium and precious metals. These metals can be recycled with minimal or no loss of their original physical properties. They are such versatile materials that the possible applications for each metal and their combinations are endless.
Aluminium is easy to recycle and is often re-used for the same application for which it was originally manufactured. Many common products containing aluminum are:
- Building & construction: Window frames, building structures, roofs, etc.
- Transportation: Airplanes, trains, boats, cars and trucks. It is also used in smaller vehicles like bicycles, motorbikes and other mobility devices such as wheelchairs.
- Packaging: Aluminium is used mostly in the form of cans and foil.
- Electricity: Since 1945, aluminium has replaced copper in high-voltage transmission lines.
- Cooking and tableware.
Copper is utilized in electrical wires, pipes, valves, and roofing material. Other common products containing copper are:
- Electrical: Wires, circuits, switches and electromagnets.
- Piping: Plumbing fittings and also in refrigeration, air conditioning and water supply systems.
- Roofing and insulation.
- Household items: cookware, doorknobs, and cutlery.
Lead is used in batteries, but the are many other applications for this metal:
- Car batteries: Lead is still used extensively in the plates that work as electrodes.
- Colouring: Although less common today, it is used in ceramic and glass glazing.
- Radiation protection: Lead offers protection against X-rays.
Zinc is used to produce coins as well as other important uses:
- Galvanisation: Zinc is commonly applied as a coating to protect iron and steel from corrosion in a process known as galvanisation.
- Batteries: As an anode component material in batteries.
- Brass: Created by alloying zinc and copper.
Tin is one of the most expensive non-ferrous metals apart from precious metals thus there is a high demand for scrap tin.
Its applications are very varied:
- Cans: by covering steel sheet with a thin layer of tin one obtains tinplate, the raw material to make cans
- Car production: tin increases the resistance of the motor block, piston rings and clutch plates;
- Springs of any kind become tougher through the addition of tin
- Glass: tin oxide coatings of glass surfaces to make them more resistant